Last night I was talking to friends about July 4ths of the past, and of course we fell upon the subject of the Stone Mountain Lazer Show Spectacular. And I said “what do you think the fairy shrimp think of the show?” They didnâ€™t understand and I told them about the magic shrimp that appear in pools in the rock on the top of the mountain when it rains. They were in disbelief. So I have collected all the information I could find on subject.
From: ( WEBSITE )
Vernal pools play an important role in life at the top of the seemingly barren mountain. Just as in a desert, life at the top of Stone Mountains depends on the water available in the vernal pools. When the summer is wet the pools, ranging in size from several inches to several feet, may hold water most of the year. During drought years the pools can be dry from June until October. While larger mammals like squirrel and fox rely on the water for drinking other flora and fauna depend on the water for life. Two types of shrimp frequently inhabit these pools, fairy shrimp and clam shrimp, as well as a unique variety of red moss.
From: ( WEBSITE )
Fairy shrimp are easily identified in vernal pools. They appear as 1/2 to 1 1/2 inch crustaceans swimming upside down (ventral side up). The adult fairy shrimp have stalked compound eyes, two sets of antennae, and 11 pairs of leaf-like swimming legs. Coloration is usually red-orange due to the hemoglobin in the shrimp, but can range from translucent whitish to gray, blue or green. Because coloration is determined by the contents of the food supply in the pool which the shrimp inhabit, it is usually constant among the individuals of the pool.
Male shrimp possess an enlarged second antenna used to clasp the female during mating. Female fairy shrimp often have a brood sack on their abdomen. Female fairy shrimp usually outnumber males. They are capable of three states of mobility. Resting at the bottom of the pools, darting rapidly and drifting slowly. The shrimp propel themselves with a wave-like anterior-posterior beating motion of their legs. This action is complemented by the propeller motion of the outermost part of the legs (the “exopodites”. By changing the angle of these exopodites the speed of motion can be changed.
Fairy shrimp reproduction is initiated when the male clasps the female with its second, clasping antennae. Though the male and females swim clasped together for several days, the process of copulation takes minutes. Hours after copulation the male fairy shrimp dies. The female carries both fertilized and parthenogenetic eggs externally in its brood sack for several days before being released to fall to the bottom of the pool, or the eggs may remain attached until the female dies. The number of eggs a female produces in a clutch varies from 10 to 150. Several clutches can often be produced during the life of a female.
Females can produce two types of eggs, thin shelled “summer” eggs and thick shelled “winter” eggs. The type of egg produced is determined by the number of males in the community; summer eggs will be produced if there is a shortage of males in the population. Summer eggs hatch rapidly; the young form while still inside the brood sac. The young from these eggs will populate the pool during the same season they are laid. The winter eggs remain in the mud at the base of the pool and dry out with the pool. The eggs will hatch in the spring when the pools refills. Though the resting period usually varies between 6 to 10 months, eggs have been hatched in a laboratory after 15 years. Eggs have been subjected to temperatures of as high as 99C and as low as -190 C and remained viable. Winter eggs usually hatch 30 hours after being exposed to water.
Typically, one generation inhabits each wet period of the pool. Fairy shrimp usually hatch as nauplius. The young will develop in a series of instars. Each instar involves molting the exoskeleton to grow more segments until they reach the 20 segments of adults. Development is often rapid in the spring, but can be slowed by unusually low temperatures. The speed of development usually reflects the amount of time water will remain in the pool, or the arrival of predators in the pool. Young which have hatched from winter eggs develop more slowly than those that have hatched from summer eggs. Fairy shrimp can complete their life cycle in 16 days. This allows for rapid reproduction.
Winter eggs can be carried from pools to pool by traveling animals, or, in the case of pools that dry out completely, picked up in the wind and be blown to other pools. For reasons currently unknown to scientists, there is an uneven level of population in a pool from year to year. In a single pool, fairy shrimp may be abundant for several consecutive years and absent the next.
The leg movements serve the purpose of collecting algae, bacteria, protozoa, rotifers and floating detritus from the water. Food is then filtered from the water and scraped by sets of appendages to be eaten using a mandible mouth. Fairy shrimp have been observed gnawing on larger matter such as dead tadpoles, mollusks and amphibian eggs. The leg movements of the fairy shrimp also serve the purpose of taking the oxygen the animal needs from the water.
The ephemeral nature of the fairy shrimp reduces the limiting factors on their population. Fairy shrimp have few natural predators. They are unlikely to be heavily preyed upon by other vernal pool inhabitants because they utilize the pool before the majority of carnivorous insects have colonized the pool. Also, the wood frogs and mole salamanders breeding in the pools have not regained their regular appetite after winter hibernation and, thus, are not major predators. However, these amphibians, caddis fly larvae, dytiscid larvae, other insects, and, especially, waterfowl who utilize the pool, often do prey upon fairy shrimp. Because fairy shrimp live in temporary wetlands there are no predatory fish. The abundance of food is less of a factor in the population of fairy shrimp than in other organisms. The need of one part per million dissolved oxygen is the limiting factor in the size of fairy shrimp populations.
BUT WAITâ€¦.. There are many kinds of fairy shrimp, and some believe that those that inhabit the top of Stone Mountain may be a special species that only live there in the granite pools. And are also worried that they may be affected by all the sweaty tourist hiking up the back side of the mountain.
STONE MOUNTAIN FAIRY SHRIMP NOT WARRANTED FOR LISTING
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE CONCLUDES
A petition to add the Stone Mountain fairy shrimp to the Federal list of threatened and endangered species is not warranted, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today. The Serviceâ€™s Southeast Regional Director, Sam Hamilton, said that the decision reflects a 12-month study that documented changes to habitat from recreational and construction activities, but could not determine that these modifications pose a threat to the shrimp.
The fairy shrimp, a relative of the freshwater crayfish, has been found in the past on the summit of Stone Mountain, a large granite outcrop in the state park in DeKalb County near Atlanta. The last documented collection of fairy shrimp was in 1951. Extensive surveys were conducted in 1997 and failed to locate the species on Stone Mountain, which may mean it is extinct.
The fairy shrimp survives dry periods on Stone Mountain as a dormant, encapsulated embryo in temporary pools found in shallow rock depressions that periodically fill with rainwater. The pools also support other plants and animals, including two plants listed by the Federal and Georgia State governments, the black-spored quillwort and the little amphianthus.
The Stone Mountain Memorial Association, manager of the parkland that contains the shrimpâ€™s vernal pool, has already fenced off a portion of the habitat to reduce human disturbance to the shrimp and other sensitive species that occupy the vernal pool habitat. The Friends of Georgia, the group that initially petitioned the Service to list the species, will complete a conservation agreement with the Association this year, which will emphasize continued surveying, public education and additional protection. …… FAIRY SHRIMP ARE REAL! CLAP YOURS HANDS SO THEY WILL COME BACK TO LIFE!
Here is the Magical Fairy Shrimp in action:
*This post is best viewed with Firefox ( WEBSITE ) other browsers lose some of the content.
I owe you a T-shirt design any ideas?
I’ve been really into trains lately and would love to have a sort of psychedelic train robbery on a shirt…old west style with bandits jumping on the train from horseback…with red rock formations and perhaps a sunset?
I guess thatâ€™s the response I should expect from Johnny La Rocha, lead singer of Ocha La Rocha ( WEBSITE ) . We at Pecan Pie are held captive by the twangy country psychedelic rockabilly tunes this group puts out, it makes us want to dance and have a PBR in our hand. With their current album out on itunes its as easy as ever to hear for yourself, but youâ€™ll want to pick up the album at Criminal Records in the bandâ€™s hometown of Atlanta GA. Check out their live performance at Criminal Record Store Day. AND… They will be at Star Bar on July 5th and July 16th (they sell PBR there).
And also the video of their song Occamâ€™s Razor:
We at Pecan Pie Couture loved one of their songs so much that we asked if we could use it for the video of Pecan Pie Coutureâ€™s REVIVAL Fall 2008 Fashion Show, they said YES!, and here it is…. enjoy!!
My old favorite magazine was Wallpaper (which is now my second favorite). After creator / editor Tylor Brule sold off the magazine to Time it just hasnâ€™t been the same. But mind you, its still a good magazine and I still have a subscription.
But Tylor is back with my new favorite magazine Monocle. Monocle is an amazing mix of design and culture. Its like listening to NPR only in magazine form. (in case you were wondering my favorite NPR show is Bryant Park Project)
Ok back to Monocle. They have done two stories on our fair city Atlanta, which culturally covers both ends of our southern city.
The Bronner Brothers’ first hair show attracted 300 people at a local YMCA. Now one of the largest producers of African American haircare products, their legendary trade shows are part circus, part religious meeting.
issue 12 . volume 02 . April 2008
Writer: Ann Marie Gardner
Photographer: Dorothy Hong
Christianity is big business in the US where retailers are using pop culture to shift godly goods: Jesus skateboarder sneakers anybody? Monocle visited the key show for owners of religious shops.
issue 06 . volume 01 . September 2007
Writer: Peter Trachtenberg
Photographer: Adam Friedberg
Well after reading Monocle I found a store in London, Albam , Albam makes almost all of their clothes regionally in the UK. As founder of Pecan Pie Couture, a company that also makes all of its clothes regionally in the American South, I had to stop by and pick up my new rain jacket (which I thought was fitting to own from foggy London Town).
Here is an interview of the men who started Albam, produced by Monocle. The guys were very helpful in the store and itâ€™s a great place to find simple good clothes in London. albam-clothing.mov
Yes to Viktor and Rolf. I am in London on business and holiday and recently went to a new exhibition by Viktor and Rolf and the Barbican. Which is quite amazing. There is a huge doll house filled with dolls meticulously hand crafted to represent exact pieces from V&R fashion shows.
Well after all the discussion the answer was YES! On the condition that it was curated well and the show in question had a purpose other than to promote a brand.
Also while here in merry ole England, I have had the opportunity to see an exhibition entitled Skin and Bonesat Somerset House. The exhibition was quite interesting and compares Fashion and Architecture. I was excited to see many of the pieces, which I lecture on at Georgia Tech up close and in person.
Discover the synergies between fashion and architecture from the 1980s to the present day. The exhibition explores how over 50 internationally-renowned architects and designers including Alexander McQueen, Vivienne Westwood, Comme des Garcons, Yohji Yamamoto, Future Systems, Frank Gehry and Zaha Hadid ‘fashion’ buildings and ‘construct’ garments.
After huge success in Los Angeles and Tokyo, Somerset House brings this exhibition to Europe to open the new riverside Embankment Galleries. Specially selected new exhibits for London include work byBoudicca, Eley Kishimoto, Martin Margiela and Hussein Chalayan.
The exhibition was designed for Somerset House by architect Eva Jiricna and features over 200 works including iconic garments, 3D architectural models and film footage.
At first I didn’t know what to expect. I was once in Belgium for a night before I had to fly out of Brussels back to the United States. I admit, I felt a little reluctant to come back after my first impressions. But that feeling’s way gone now.
If you’re in the mood for some stupid history, international languages central, or design, Brussels is definitely worth the visit. The first evening that I spent here I went walking with a friend, and found it funny as the road was turning the corner that so many people were stepping back to take pictures–but of what? My friend proceeded to tell me to pull out my camera so I gave it a good shot.
This is the peeing boy (Manneken Pis) who put out a fire. Okay…
On with the town. It seems that the best meeting place for the young and hip, living in the city center, is at Fontainas, a cafe friendly for all kinds of people. It’s a great atmosphere and it’s fun to look at everyone around you.
After Fontainas, make sure to go North on Boulevard Anspach and then make a left onto Rue Auguste Orts. This road will continue as Rue Antoine Dansaert and it is chockfull of design shops, bookstores, and other cool cafes that you can’t resist to stop into for another coffee or beer. Flemish designers are actually working on and around this road so it’s really easy to spot some original pieces as you continue towards the canal.
My personal favorite stops so far:
rue Antoine Dansaert 74-1000 Bruxelles
Make sure to come here if you’re in the mood for some exciting Belgian clothes. There’s an odd sense of character when you walk into this store–be it the sound of your footsteps on the creaky wooden floors and birds singing somewhere in the ceiling with the modern visuals superimposed with fabulous clothes that you’ve never seen the likes of. Phew, out of breath. So if you’re on a budget, hold on to your wallet because you might go broke.
rue Antoine Dansaert, 196-1000 Bruxelles
When I walked into this store, I was curious to ask whether it was a book museum rather than a bookstore. At this highly curated shop you’ll find varying artistry in writing, illustration, photography and music covering a broad range of unique topics. If you’re in Brussels for longer, they’ve also got the hookup for good shows in town.
You can’t resist it. Whether the atmosphere, the smell of food, or just purely the aesthetic draws you in, you’re going to walk in when you see it. It’s right across the street from Le Bonheur – so get something to read and come over. The people here are also really cool to talk to. There’s no need to worry, people here can speak English.
The new word in fashion is not fierce, its NO! There is nothing sexier than a woman who says No, or at least thatâ€™s part of the commentary that Victor and Rolf put on stage for Fall 2008.
But what are we saying No to, well there are so many things it doesnâ€™t seem to matter. No to war, No to global warming, No to pit bull fighting, No to nuclear power, No to coal power, No to high prices, No to sweat shop labor, No to hunger, No to obesity, No to drugs,,, etc.. And maybe thatâ€™s the point; to be chic today you need a cause. First it was the lap dog, then it was the baby, and now celebrities (even the faintest ones) need a cause, and a Prius. However, there is something powerful about the NO, and that in protest of something, anything, what we are really saying is “YES to ME!”
Victor and Rolf are just the new kids on the block when it comes to Resistance and Protest. Vivienne Westwood pioneered rebellion as fashion, and now she has a whole website devoted to Active Resistance, where it seems like she is teaching children the way of Punk.
If you canâ€™t pull off the protest trench, then take a look toward Carolina Herrera. She makes women strong by turning them into the Huntress this season, and if anything is sexier than NO itâ€™s a 4 foot feather in a hat with riding boots!
Fahamu Pecou is not your wilting flower of an artist who doesnâ€™t enjoy the spotlight. Mr. Pecou revels in it. In fact we can assume that someone gave him a copy of The Secret and he understands that he must own his fame before others do. Most all of his work is self portrait in the style of a magazine cover, and guess what, now there is a magazine FAHAMENON. Thatâ€™s not to say that his talents arenâ€™t a little mesmerizing. He seems to have his finger on the ribbons of both popular hip hop culture and the art world just in time to wrap his fame up in a bow. Working in multiple mediums Fahamu has videos on Youtube, and websites that help to round out a universe where Fahamu is our sun, shining a bright, straightforward, yet happy light on all us satellites.
This exhibition is curated by Carie Davis, Design Manager for Coca-Cola & President of IDSA Atlanta and is in conjunction with the Industrial Design department at Georgia Tech. Building off the success of Japanese Design Today, Raymond Loewy: Designs for a Consumer Culture and Design at Play: The High Design of Cartoon Network, MODAâ€™s most popular product design-based exhibitions, MADE in GA will look close to home and feature contemporary product design that has its roots in Georgia.
Products like organ therapy unit by Formation Design. It evidently keeps Livers alive!
Or like this system for giving shots which makes it safer for the person giving the shots, but I am pretty sure the person receiving the shots still gets a metal needle jabbed in them.
This exhibition will take the viewer inside the world of the industrial designer, and demonstrate the processes and importance of industrial design. MADE IN GA will feature design concepts, works-in-progress, final designs and off-the-shelf products. The audience will be exposed to the processes via concept sketches, renderings, study models, prototypes, digital models, and marketable products. The products showcased will come from Georgiaâ€™s varied industries that utilize industrial designerâ€™s skills.
There is also a small homage to Coca Cola one of the Sponsors of the show. If you are feeling crafty now after finding out about all the design made here in Georgia you can go design a coke bottle of your very own:
Also! Be sure to visit the Made in School exhibit up at MODA as well. It is an exhibition of student design work from the Georgia Tech and Savannah College of Art and Design Industrial Design Programs.
By admin -- June 2, 2008 at 2:48 pm · Filed under Travel
So it’s been a couple of weeks since I’ve last written, sorry! I’ve been on a whirlwind tour of Europe and I made sure to take a million pictures in order to provide some memoirs for you all. So keep on the lookout!
I recently stopped into Venice for a couple of days in order to check out what this city on water is about. If you’re not familiar with the geography, Venice is on an island. It’s a labyrinthine place filled with tightly fitted buildings, invisible alleyways, smelly water routes, and more bridges and pigeons than you can imagine.
The only modes of transportation throughout are either pedestrian or by boat – if you bring a car it’s going into the single garage on the island and staying there until you leave. Fedex even has something like a gondola for moving packages around in Venice. So with that said, it is an interesting experience to go the public transportation dock as opposed to a bus stop.
You may already know Venice for their beautiful masks – so if you’re looking for one this is the place to be. Venice has prepared a smorgasbord of traditional and modern masks for the millions of tourists inhabiting the city annually.
Speaking of tourists, the city is filled with them. You don’t even have to know Italian because everything is catered to you – at least what you can see; because the real city is just as hidden as you with your mask that you just paid ten euro for. But don’t be alarmed – if you step out of the tourist stampede circle using alleyways that you’ll never remember if you’ve taken or not, you’ll come across some wonderful food and coffee shops. Remember, if you’re looking for a cappuccino, go to Italy; and if you’re looking for the ultimate Italian pizza experience however, don’t expect a Papa Johns and leave your taste buds some room for new things.